Your truck is like your trusty old friend - dependable and reliable. Surely, you won’t appreciate any drama while cornering your vehicle. So, that’s why the differential is there! And to keep it fully functional, you need to keep it lubricated with differential fluid. But the question is - how much differential fluid do I need?
It’s best to stick to the instructions when deciding how much differential fluid to add to your truck. A differential usually holds around 3 quarts. So, you’ll need to have at least 3 quarts of the stuff. But make sure to check the manual, as some limited-slip differentials may have different requirements.
How Much Differential Fluid Do I Need?
The frequency of changing the fluid can differ according to your driving style. For example, if you’re not hauling a big load, your frequency will be on the lower side. But if you tow, the story will be different.
Choosing the Proper Differential Fluid
Before we get into how much of the fluid you’re going to need, it’s best to learn how to choose the right stuff.
There are two factors you’ll need to consider. One of them is the viscosity or the proper weight of the fluid. Secondly, you’ll need to check out the fluid’s Gear Lubricant (GL) rating.
But if you’re not looking to skim through a lecture on the properties of the fluid, the best practice is to stick to the manual!
When you look through your differential’s manual, you’ll see that the manufacturers have already recommended a specific type of fluid for your axle. So, for example, if the manual says to use a GL-5 rated 75W differential oil, it’s best not to go against that.
Second-guessing the manufacturers can be an expensive one. Filling up your differential with the wrong oil can have quite the opposite effect than the one you’re looking for. So, it’s better to stick to the default settings.
Finally, you’ll need to consider the requirements of the traction-sensing differential. As we said earlier, while there’s a general standard out there, some limited-slip axles exist. And if yours have different criteria, you’ll want to know that for the good of your vehicle and your wallet.
How Long Does Differential Fluid Last?
Your car will usually come with the manufacturer’s recommendation about how often you should change the differential fluid. The frequency often ranges from around 30 thousand to 60 thousand miles. But, it’s better to check the owner’s manual and make sure of the exact mileage.
However, this interval can get shorter depending on your driving style. The harder you drive your truck, the more frequently you’ll need to change the differential fluid.
But don’t worry - the engineers have thought of this too. After all, they don’t just have one type of client in their client base!
You’ll find a section labeled ‘Severe driving conditions.’ This section will have a list of conditions that can shorten the interval. So, match your specific case with the listed conditions and alter your frequency thereby.
Fluid Change Intervals
Now you may wonder why your fluid change interval varies. This is because as your car goes through harsher driving conditions, the differential oil breaks down at a faster rate. And it puts more pressure on the bearings and gears, slowly but surely causing wear.
The more you put your vehicle through tremendous stress, the more it generates heat. As the temperature climbs higher and higher, the differential fluid loses its viscosity.
Because of that, it can’t deliver its optimum performance. In addition, the exact amount of fluid in a normal condition won’t be enough in a severe condition.
Extreme pressure can break down the lubricant film if you put a heavy load on your vehicle. In turn, the chances of metal-to-metal contact will increase, generating more heat.
This heat and friction continue to build, which will create a vicious cycle. The cycle is known as a thermal runaway that can lead to wear and even worse cases.
Most manufacturers put a page in their driving manual labeled severe conditions to prevent that from happening. So, you won’t have to worry about such wear and tear as long as you follow these guidelines and modify your differential fluid change intervals accordingly.
Fill It to the Brim
To ensure the best performance and longevity, you’ll need to use the best-quality differential fluid you can get. If you’re wondering, ‘what kind of differential fluid do I need?’ look into the owner’s manual. You’ll find the exact capacity and weight listed in the manual.
In general, your ordinary differential can hold up to three quarters. So, get around three-quarters of the best fluid you can afford and fill the axle to the brim. But beware.
Some limited-slip differentials need a secondary additive to modify the friction. So, unless your axle is the standard one, you may have a different requirement than most.
Once you’ve got the oil, you can fill the differential from the bottle if you have the space. But if the room is a bit too tight, you can use an extension hose to get the job done.
Keep an eye on the bottom of the plughole. It’s the maximum fill line. So, once the oil starts dripping out, stop pouring the oil. Once the axle tank is full, plug it in and torque it to spec.
Of course, you can get a mechanic to do the job since it’s a dirty job, and you need to throw the old fluid away correctly. So, if you’re uncomfortable or unsure of what to do, your best bet is to get a licensed mechanic.
What Will It Cost You?
One of the primary concerns of most consumers is the expense of front and rear differential fluid. Fortunately, it’s not too expensive a job. You can get the fluid itself for around 30 to 80 dollars.
If you get professional help, the service will cost you around 40 to 70 dollars. But if you do the work yourself, there are no more added expenses. So overall, if you get professional help, you’ll need to spend around 70 to 150 dollars.
But if you do it yourself, you’ll just have to bear the expense of the fluid cost. But, again, the price can vary depending on your vehicle’s make and how you drive it.
Remember that if your car offers the four-wheel-drive option, you’ll need to bear two times the standard cost.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Can I overfill my differential?
Well, not really. It’s tough to cause a failure by overfilling the differential. But if you overfill it, the differential tank will leak. That’s because, as the oil expands, it’ll have nowhere else to go.
How do I know if I need differential fluid?
There are several telltale signs of low differential fluid. For example, you may notice a burning smell coming from your differential or weird noises or vibrations that weren’t there before.
If you find such symptoms, it’s time to change your differential fluid.
How often to check differential fluid?
To ensure that you and your family are protected, you need to check that your vehicle has enough differential oil. So, it’s a good idea to check them every 30 to 50 thousand miles.
The differential is one of the vehicle’s major components that keeps you and others safe while driving. If you never change your differential fluid, you’re putting everyone at risk. So, it’s for your good that you need to keep this part fully functional.
And to do that, you need to ask, ‘how much differential fluid do I need.’ Again, the general answer is easy: follow the manual. Whether your differential is a standard or limited-slip one, you can’t go wrong with this verdict!